The group meets in the lobby of the hotel, from where the trip will take place on KARLAG museum excursion. The road will be 25 km long.
KARLAG — Karaganda Penitentiary Labor Camp of the Nation’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the NKVD. One of the many Penitentiary Places of the GULAG (General Directorate of the Camps). It had been founded by the order of Joseph Stalin during the mass repression.
In the system of Soviet totalitarianism, there had been hundreds of similar places. These Penitentiary Places distorted destinies, separated families. Only few had been survived after hard labor and inhuman conditions — people died of cold, hunger, exhausting labor, diseases.
In 50 km far away from Karaganda, there was a village Dolink where KARLAG was located with its administrative center. The camp management had been there near by occupying territory (an area of 200 to 300 km.). It was the center for the management of «slave labor,» whose efforts increased the level of farming and livestock, mined minerals. They created coal — metallurgical industrial bases and industrial giants.
In the village of Dolinka we will visit the museum dedicated to the victims of political repressions, which is located in the building of KARLAG management. The complex will amaze you with its greatness. It had been done in the style of neoclassicism. He was also called the «Stalinist Empire».
There are many offices in the museum building:
- The house of officers;
- Cultural center for local military;
- House of technology;
- Maternity hospital;
- Children’s cemetery, where thousands of babies are buried («Mammies Cemetery»);
- The building of the prayer house;
- The ruins of the structure, built by prisoners.
The gloomy picture will aggravate the barbed wire. It seems to carry back to the past, and recalls the inhuman and cruel conditions in which the prisoners had been.
Further we are going to the south of Karaganda (30 km.), To Spassk village, where the Spassky memorial is located. This is the place of detention of foreign war prisoners during the Second World War. The monuments were installed near the village whose citizens were prisoners of the Karaganda’s camp.
Countries that erected memorials:
Historians estimate the number of prisoners of war buried in Spassk as 5152 people of different nationalities.