In the heart of Central Asia, one hundred and fifty kilometers from Almaty, the south ridge Jungar Alatau, situated the largest National Park in Kazakhstan Altyn Emel. The climate is prevailing in this area is continental. The flora of the Park Altyn-Emel very diverse. There are 634 species of plants In the park. It affects a variety of wildlife.
Theriofauna of the National Park consists of seventy species of mammals. Of invertebrate animals, almost all species are rare. The Red Book is listed thirty-two species belonging to several groups. Diverse avifauna of the National Park Altyn-Emel includes 155 species of birds, representing 39.8 percent of the total number of species in the avifauna of Kazakhstan, of which forty types listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan. The ichthyofauna of the national park includes twenty eight species of fish, which is 22.1 per cent of fish fauna of Kazakhstan. Among them twelve endemic species.
Transfer to the National park Altyn Emel, 290 km in a way.
The park organized on April 10, 1996. The purpose of creation of park — preservation of a unique natural complex, archaeological and historical and cultural monuments, rare and endangered species of plants and animals, development of ecological tourism. Besshatyr burial mounds — is the main sightseeing of the Altyn Emel National Park. Besshatyr» is translate as «five tents»: probably because of the five biggest burial mounds on this territory, the archaeologists in the middle of the past century have excavated part of which. Besshatyr necropolis is consider the shrine of ancient Saks lived on territory of modern Kazakhstan in the 6th century BC. Altogether 18 royal burial mounds, having diameter from 8 to 70 meters and height from 2 to 20 meters, are concentrated at the territory of 2 sq.km.
During a way visit Singing dune. Singing Dune, reaching a height of 120 meters and a length of about 3 km, located in one of the corners of the Altyn-Emel National Park, a few kilometers from the Ili river between the mountains of Big and Small Kalkan. This sandy hill consists of very fine pure sand, which starts to «sing» in windy weather and its sound reminds the organ music. Before a sandy storm, the dune sounds like a drum. From the top of the Dune, you can observe the grand panorama of the surroundings. In the south — thin strip of the Ili River is visible as well as purple mountains of Sogety and Boguty, looking out from the white peaks of the Ketmen ridge. On the west, the steep slope of the Big Kalkan, and the Small Kalkan – from the east, obstructs the horizon. In the north — violet-blue ridge of Djungarian Alatau mountains, Chulak Mountain, Matai and Altyn-Emel are visible. If the weather is dry and windy, the sand dune will «sing» you its song, which could be heard as far as several kilometers…
— Accommodation in a guesthouse. Overnight
— Breakfast in a guesthouse.
— Continued movement of the reserve. Inspection of the mountains of Aktau and Katutau, 90 km by steppe from guesthouse.
This magnificent chalk hills. These lifeless, blue («moon landscape»), red, white, pink, green slopes, intricately dissected by erosion, so unusual, that you can not take your eyes off. The reason for such a bizarre landscape of the mountains was that the mountains rose up from the seabed. Age of mountains more than four hundred million years, the length of thirty kilometers.
— Overnight in a guesthouse.
— Breakfast in a guesthouse.
— Early departure to Charyn canyon, 168 km
Charyn Canyon, which compared to the beauty of the Grand Canyon in Colorado, located east of Almaty. Unique forms of erosion and weathering of the relief will take you to the fantastic, surreal world of whimsical sculptures of sandstone «Castle Valley,» «Witches Gulch,» and others. The height of the steep slopes, columns and arches up to 150-300 meters. The canyon stretches for 154 km northeast to south-west, along the Charyn River, which is ideal for rafting. It remained rare representative of the vegetation of the globe — Sogdian ash, a survivor of the epoch of glaciation.
— Back in Almaty, 200 km from Charyn Canyon. Transfer to the city.